Journal: Biosensors (2020)
Integrating acoustic wave sensors into lab-on-a-chip (LoC) devices is a well-known challenge. We address this challenge by designing a microfluidic device housing a monolithic array of 24 high-fundamental frequency quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (HFF-QCMD) sensors. The device features six 6-L channels of four sensors each for low-volume parallel measurements, a sealing mechanism that provides appropriate pressure control while assuring liquid confinement and maintaining good stability, and provides a mechanical, electrical, and thermal interface with the characterization electronics. We validate the device by measuring the response of the HFF-QCMD sensors to the air-to-liquid transition, for which the robust Kanazawa–Gordon–Mason theory exists,
and then by studying the adsorption of model bioanalytes (neutravidin and biotinylated albumin). With these experiments, we show how the eects of the protein–surface interactions propagate within adsorbed protein multilayers, oering essentially new insight into the design of anity-based bioanalytical sensors.